(6a) 1. Umar Abubakar Garbai ibn Ibrahim 2. Sanda Kura 3. Kumar Ibn Muhammad (6b) 1. HE SUCCESSFULLY SAVED BORNO IN TWO OCCASIONAL ATTACKS FROM THE HANDS OF THE JIHADISTS. AFTER HIS INITIAL HELP, EL- KANEMI WAS REWARDED WITH GIFTS OF MONEY, CATTLE AND SLAVES, BUT FOLLOWING THE SECOND HELP, HE REQUESTED AND OBTAINED A GIFT OF LAND AND A FIELD AROUND NGURNO AND THIS EVENTUALLY BECAME THE MAIN CENTER OF POLITICAL ACTIVITY IN BORNO. 2. HE RELIGIOUSLY REFORMED THE EMPIRE BY WRITING BOOKS AND PAMPHLET TO SCHOLARS AND RULERS, URGING THEM TO PRACTICE A PURE FORM OF ISLAM AND TEACHING THEIR SUBJECTS TO DO SAME. HE SUCCEEDED IN REFORMING THE JUDICIAL SET UP OF BORNO BY ADMINISTERING THE EMPIRE BASED ON ISLAMIC LAW (SHARIA). 3. HE ALSO REMAINED THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE BORNO EMPIRE. SHEHU EL-KANEMI ALSO SUCCEEDED IN LIBERATING THE DIVERSE ETHNIC GROUPS IN BORNO. FOR INSTANCE, THERE EXISTED THE POLICY OF INTERMARRIAGE AMONG THE PEOPLES OF THE EMPIRE. ============================ (7a) 1. The Premier of the Northern Region and Sarduana of Sokoto, Sir Ahmadu Bello 2. The Premier of the Western Region, Chief Samuel Ladoke Akintola. 3. Prime Minister of Nigeria, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, ( he was abducted and his dead body was discovered six days later at a roadside in Lagos.) (7b) 1. Instability Of Government: The government during the military regime was unstable. Coup d’état was the order of the day during this regime and you can just wake up to hear that a new Head of State had emerged. This led to instability in the government and the lack of continuity in government. However, this same persist till date. 2. Human Right Violation Violation of human right is at its greatest during the military era in Nigeria. This was evident in the way those opposing the government are treated. Hundreds of people are being captured and imprisoned for many years. 3. Corruption: If you are one of the persons that believe the civilian regime is the most corrupt then think again. The military regime was a very corrupt one. 4. No Freedom Of Speech And Media Are you looking for a regime where propaganda is at its highest? Then look at the military regime. ============================ (9) 1. Political rationales : Nigeria’s active participation in UN peacekeeping is primarily motivated by its quest for global peace, security and stability. There is also the belief that Nigeria’s active participation in peacekeeping could strengthen its case for a permanent seat in an expanded UN Security Council. 2. Normative Rationales : Nigeria considers it a moral duty to promote peace among all states and among all peoples. Nigeria also considers it a moral obligation to fight for equal rights and respect for all Africans, and black people worldwide. Given the plethora of security challenges faced by the black race, Nigeria should intervene in conflict or crisis situations if capable. 3. Security rationales : The protection of Nigeria’s territorial integrity, sovereignty, as well as lives and properties of Nigerians at home and abroad is a major consideration for embarking on peace operations. 4. Economic rationales : There is always an economic dimension to any country’s foreign policy calculation including contributing to peace operations where there are pecuniary gains to Nigeria as well as individual participants involved in UN missions. These financial benefits contribute to the socio-economic welfare of soldiers and sometimes, Nigeria’s military. 5. Institutional rationales: Nigeria’s contribution to UN peacekeeping is also informed by the non-pecuniary benefits involved. For instance, peacekeeping has become an avenue for training and a platform for members of the Nigerian Armed Forces to gain practical experiences.
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