100% Correct and Real WAEC 2019 Government Answer Obj and Essay– May/June Expo Verified Govt obj
1) (i)Voting: We study governments so we can make an educated decision when it comes to voting. This means that you are not just going to make your voting decision on a speech or tv program that you see.
(ii) Knowledge: Studying government gives you knowledge. You are in a position to know more about the government than ever before. If you do not study governments then you are not going to know all of the ins and outs of politics.
(iii) Future: We can control the future of our country, including political movements and government decision making. Studying government is going to ensure that you can make a difference.
(iv) Improvements: There is always going to be the option to make improvements within different governments. If a government does not have a clear idea on one of their policies, this can be changed and improved over time, and you can understand this when you study the subject.
(v) Career choices: Studying the government is going to open many doors for you and you can decide whether or not you want to go into a career in politics (to make a difference as much as you see fit).
A citizen is a person who is a legal member of and owes allegiance to a particular country he/she resides in which he/she enjoys full civil and political rights and will be ready to put his life at stake in defence of its territory when occasion calls for that
(i) Defence of the country: A citizen should be prepared to defend his/her country when it is threatened
(ii) Service to the nation: A citizen should not hesitate to serve his/her nation in any capacity he capable when called upon to do so.
(iii) Civic responsibilities: It is also the responsibility of a good citizen to register during registration exercise and vote during elections if he/she is qualified to do so.
(iv) Assisting the law enforcement agents: A good citizen should always be prepared to assist the police and other law enforcement agents in reducing crime rate in the country by giving them useful information
Q4a. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. … Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government.
Q4b. Reasons For Creating Local Governments
1. Participatory democracy: Local governments provide an opportunity for the citizens to practise the democratic form of government in their community. They learn the techniques and skills of politics, by campaigning and contesting elections to represent their wards in the local government council. The training at this level prepares them for greater political participation at the state and national levels.
2. Bringing government closer to the citizens: Local governments are created to enable them to fashion out good policies and programmes which the local communities require. Local government functionaries are representatives of the central government and are empowered to enact bylaws, which would protect the collective interests of the people at the local level.
3. Equitable socio-economic development: Local governments are created to serve as a means of distributing the resources of the country equitably, for the socio-economic development of their localities. This is done through the equitable sharing of the resources and amenities of the country between the different tiers of government.
4. Choice of leadership: Local governments give people the opportunity to elect their own people as their representatives in the local government council. These personnel exercise governmental powers on behalf of the people, understand their people more than ’outsiders’ and are accountable to the electorate.
Types of election
1. General Election: refers to the conduct of election for various political parties, to enable them elect or choose their representatives in the state.
2. Referendum: is a type of election, demands to get on important political matter in the state, for example, when Sierra Leone wants to return to one party state in 1978. Also if important constitutional matters needed to be amended. It is similar to plebiscite.
3. Bye-election: is an election held to fill a vacant seat in a constituency due to a death of a representative or nullification of an election result in the court.
Note: Bye-elections are conducted only on constituencies where the incidence took place e.g.. Sierra Leone Bye elections to be conducted by N.E.C in Constituencies-87 & 106
4. Run-off election or second ballot: it takes place in order to decide a winner after the first election failed to produce the winner with absolute majority. After the first election, candidates with low percents of the total votes cast are asked to withdraw and a second election for highest two is organized within a given period of time. In some countries, it will be done in weeks or months. A simple majority will declare the emerged winner
(i)The 1914 constitution
(ii)The 1922 constitution
(iii)The 1946 constitution
(i)The constitution introduced a parliamentary system of government.
(ii)It established two legislative houses at both the federal and regional levels.
(iii)It retained the federal structure with the regions having residual powers.
(iv)The federal prime minister and regional premiers had executive powers conferred on them.
(i) Revenue Allocation: this is the major problem of the Nigerian federalism cos of the lack of standard means of distributing the resources generated among states.
(ii) Ethnic domination: Nigeria being a state of multi ethnic groups with different languages, finds it difficult to unity cause of fear of domination by other major groups
[Pick Any THREE]
(i) The differnt governments in Nigeria derive their power from the constitution
(ii) Duplication of organs of government in all governments of Nigeria
(iii) The supremacy of the constitution
(iv) The divison of Nigeria into unequal regions/states
(v) Existence of bicameral legislature in Nigeria
(i) Ernest Ikoli
(ii) Samuel Akisanya
(iii) Dr. James Churchill Vaughan
(i) Legislative council: It won all the three elective seats allocated to Lagos in the legislative council
(ii) Unity: It worked to promote national unity
(iii) National outlook: It was the first political party that had a national outlook in the competition of members
(iv) Modern nationalism: It could further be said that this movement brought modern nationalism to Nigeria.
9a. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) is a socio-economic flagship Programme of the African Union (AU). NEPAD’s four primary objectives are to eradicate poverty, promote sustainable growth and development, integrate Africa in the world economy and accelerate the empowerment of women.
Q9b. The main objectives of NEPAD Council include:
1.Support the new partnership for Africa’s Development.
2. Support African leaders’ efforts to encourage public engagement in NEPAD strategies and projects.
3. Assist the Steering Committee and NEPAD
Secretariat in the implementation of NEPAD projects
4. Collaborate with NEPAD to undertake mutually reinforcing actions to help accelerate growth and make long-lasting gains against poverty
5. Encourage Africans in the Diaspora to actively participate in all efforts aimed at developing Africa
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