The Real and Verified WAEC GCE Geography OBJ, ESSAY/Theory Questions and Answer – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo Runz
(i) Domestic trade is carried on within the
boundaries of one country .
(ii) In Domestic trade goods are carried on
from one place to another place through
railways and roadways .
(iii) In Domestic trade payment is made or
received in local currency .
(iv) In Domestic trade wide choice of goods
are available .
(i) Separation of Buyers and Producers
(ii) Foreign trade involves payments in foreign
(iii ) Restrictions: Imports and exports involve
a number of restrictions but by different
(iv ) there is Need for Middlemen:
(i) By use of improved means of transportation
and communication links
(ii) By the use of fixed currencies
(iii) Improvement in the level of technology
(i) Exports create jobs and boost economic
(ii) International trade give domestic
companies more experience in producing for
foreign markets. Over time, companies gain a
competitive advantage in global trade.
(iii) Imports allow foreign competition to
reduce prices for consumers which help boost
economy in Tropical Africa
2a (i) International migration is a global
phenomenon that is growing in scope,
complexity and impact. Migration is both a
cause and effect of broader development
processes and an intrinsic feature of our ever
2a (ii) Seasonal Migration — The periodic
movement of a population from one region or
climate to another in accordance with the
2b (i) A source region might be an ocean, a
large forest, a desert, or open grasslands.
Source regions must be large and have
similar, or uniform, traits throughout.
2b (ii) A destination region is a geographical
area consisting of all the services and
infrastructure necessary for the stay of a
specific tourist or tourism segment.
Destinations are the competitive units of
(i) Climate: Areas with favourable climate like Europe, china, USA etc attract populaion
(ii) Availability of water: Areas wherewater is available for both human and agricultural purposes like USA, India ect attract population.
(iii) Relief: Lowlands and river valleys like Nile, delta, low plateaux ttract population
(iv) Agriculture: Areas where agriculture is widely practiced like India, China, etc attracts population
(i) Natural resources like fertile farmlands, become over exploited where there is high population growth
(ii) Areas of high population densities are usually associated with high crime rate like armed robbery, car snatcher, hired assassin etc. These may be due to lack of jobs; hence people resort in crimes
(iii) Areas of high population densities usually do not have enough jobs for the ever increasing influx of people. This leads to unemployment and underemployment
(iv) High population concentration leads to scarce or poor accommodation as the house available may not be enough for the high population
3 a )
I ) It creates better accessibility to markets .
Ii ) It creates employment and additional investments .
Iii ) It leads to reduction in economic cost of commodities .
Iv ) Transportation links together the factors of production in a complex web of relationships between producers and
v ) It leads to improvement in communication of skills and ideas .
3 b )
i ) It limits diffusion of ideas and technology: Poor transportation limits the diffusion of the new ideas and technology or innovations which contributes to economic growth
ii) It limits industrial growth: Poor transportation does limit industrial growth as raw materials, services and finished goods are not easily transported to the points of their need .
iii ) It discourages investors: Investors are usually discouraged where there are poor development in transportation
iv ) Inadequate exploitation of natural resources : Poor transportation can limit effective exploitation of natural resources in the area which tends to affect the Economic growth of a nations
v ) inefficient transportation
increases the costs of commodities .
4 a )
I ) The absence of the tse – tse fly on the open grassland allows for rearing of animals .
Ii ) Availability of Minerals such as kaolin , gypsum , limestone, laterite, red
mills , phosphate both yellow and green, shade clay, sand allow for situation of cement industry in the area .
Iii ) Large scale farming can also be practiced in the state using irrigation water from dams .
Iv ) Farming activities due to availability of fertile land .
4 b )
i ) inadequate rainfall makes farming difficult
ii) high temperature results to drought
iii ) problem of desert encroachment due to nearness to sahara desert
iv ) inadequate rainfall makes living to be difficult .
4 c )
i ) provision of adequate basic facilities
ii) industrialization of the area
iii ) improving their medical facilities
iv ) improvement of agricultural activities in
the area .
5 a )
5 b )
I ) poor transportation and communication links
Ii ) taste for foreign goods
Iii ) low level of technology
Iv ) Government policies that are not friendly to industrial development .
v ) inadequate capital,
5 c )
I ) Improvement of transportation and communication links
Ii ) Banning of importation of certain goods
Iii ) Improvement in level
Iv ) Changing Government policies that are not friendly to industrial development .
v ) Provision of adequate capital to entrepreneurs by government in form of loan
Characteristic of Domestic trade
i ) Domestic trade is carried on within the
boundaries of one country .
ii) In Domestic trade goods are carried on from one place to another place through railways and roadways .
iii ) In Domestic trade payment is made or
received in local currency .
iv ) In Domestic trade wide choice of goods are available .
1 aii )
Characteristics of International Trade:
i ) Separation of Buyers and Producers
ii) Foreign trade involves payments in foreign currency .
iii ) Restrictions : Imports and exports involve a number of restrictions by different countries .
iv ) there is Need for Middlemen:
1 b )
I ) By use of improved means of transportation and communication links
Ii ) By the use of fixed currencies
Iii ) Improvement in the level of technology
1 c )
I ) It serves as source foreign revenue for the government
Ii ) It helps to create employment
Iii ) It serves as a source of exchange for foreign goods
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