NECO Data Processing OBJ, Essay/Theory Questions and Answer – May/June 2017 Expo Runz
DATA PROCESSING OBJ:
(i) Enable one to create document and store it electronically on a disk
(ii)Enable one to display a document on the screen
(iii) error edited by deleting not noticeable
(iv) extra copies are equally original and there is no limit to the number that can be printed
(vi) Document score in the computer storage can be retrieved and edited by different users
Presentation package are computer software package that are used to display information usually in the form of a slide show. Example is Microsoft power point
Web design package:
It is used in designing websites
It is used in creating slides
(i)for selecting objects
(ii)for moving and rotating objects
(i)for editing the shape of diagramming objects and text
Multi-user operating system – – UNIX
Open source software – – LINUX
Utility program – – CORAL DRAW
Web design package – – ADOBE DREAMWEAVER
software that handles the storage, retrieval, and updating of data in a computer system.
A file is a collection of records which have common properties. Each file has its own file reference which is unique. The file reference indicates the subject or contexts of the records.
A record can be an image, text based or in electronic or physical format.
3bi) Normalization is a process of organizing the data in database to avoid data redundancy, insertion anomaly , update anomaly & deletion anomaly
*Insertion Anomalies:Insertion anomalies occur when we
try to insert data into a flawed table.
*Deletion Anomalies:- Deletion anomalies occur when we
delete data from a flawed schema.
*Update Anomalies:- Update anomalies occur when we
change data in a flawed schema.
4b) log files – A log file is a recording of everything that goes in and out of a particular server
Firewall- A firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network.
Encryption – Encryption is the conversion of electronic data into another form, called ciphertext, which cannot be easily understood by anyone except authorized parties.
Backup- backup refers to the copying and archiving of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.
Primary key uniquely identify a record in the table. While,
Foreign key is a field in the table that is primary key in another table.
Primary Key can’t accept null values. While,
Foreign key can accept multiple null value.
4cii) Vision problems
Information Transmission can be defined as the process of sending, propagating and receiving of information from one person to another in the same remote or different location
i)Tasks can be completed faster because computers work at amazing speed.
ii)Computers can process large amounts of data and generate error-free results, provided that the data is entered correctly.
hierarchical database modelis a data modelin which the data is organized into a tree-like structure. The data is stored asrecordswhich are connected to one another throughlinks. A record is a collection of fields, with each field containing only one value. Theentity typeof a record defines which fields the record contains.
ii)network modelis a database modelconceived as a flexible way of representing objects and their relationships. Its distinguishing feature is that the schema, viewed as a graph in which object types are nodes and relationship types are arcs, is not restricted to being a hierarchy or lattice
i)Data Dictionary Management is where the DBMS stores definitions of the data elements and their relationships (metadata). The DBMS uses this function to look up the required data component structures and relationships.
ii)Data Storage Management
This particular function is used for the storage of data and any related data entry forms or screen definitions, report definitions, data validation rules, procedural code, and structures that can handle video and picture formats.
iii)Data Transformation and Presentation This function exists to transform any data entered into required data structures. By using the data transformation and presentation function the DBMS can determine the difference between logical and physical data formats.
iv)Database Communication Interfaces
This refers to how a DBMS can accept different end user requests through different network environments. An example of this can be easily related to the internet.
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