AGRIC SCIENCE OBJ:
AGRIC SCIENCE THEORY:
INSTRUCTION: Answer Five (5) Question in All.
Each Question Carry Equal Marks
Organic Manure refers to the decayed plant and Animal product which have been carefully prepared to supply nutrient to plant or crop.
(i) Geen Manure
(iii) Compost Manure
(i) Green Manure:- This are manure that is formed from Leguminous crops and other fresh plants which are ploughed into the soil when they are still growing.
(ii) Farm-Yard Manure:- This is a Combination of Animal waste such as Animal dung or feaces, urine and Animal bedding which collectively undergo series of the composition before the manure is applied to the soil.
(iii) Compost Manure:- This is the type of Manure formed as a result of the rotting down of plant and animal remain in heaps or pits before the residue applied to the soil.
(i) Fertilizers help to increase the yield of crops.
(ii) They improve the structure of the soil.
(iii) They increase the Activities of the soil organism.
(iv) They also improve soil Aeration.
(v) They increase the fertility of the soil.
(vi) They increase the growth of planktons in fish ponds.
Farm Surveying is defined as the process by which measurement of Land is made on the Farm. Such measurement by tables, plans, or Layout are done for specific purposes.
(i) It helps to determine the hectarage of land
(ii) Farm surveying Expose gradient of the land.
(iii) It helps the farmer to make decision on locations of various farm biuldings and structures.
(iv) It helps in determine the amount of input of Labour, seeds, Fertilizers and Chemicals to be used in the farm.
(v) Farm surveying and planning can be used as a basis of feasibility studies.
(i) Ranging pole
(ii) Measuring Tape
(iii) Prismatic Compass
(v) Arrows or pin
Agriculture is simply defined as the art and science (or management) that deals with cultivation of crops and the rearing of Animals for man use.
(i) Provision of Food
(ii) Provision of materials for shelter
(iii) Provision of materials for clothing
(iv) Employment for the working population
(v) Generation of income for farmers
(vi) Development of towns
(vii) Provision of Facilities for recreation and tourism
(viii) Generation of Revenue
(ix) Provision of market for industrial goods.
(x) Sources of foreign exchange earnings
(xi) Provision of raw materials for industries
(i) Animal Science, Animal husbandry or Animal production
(ii) Animal health or Veterinary medicine
(iii) Soil Science
(iv) Agricultural Engineering
(vi) Agricultural Economics and farm management
(ii) Problem of Marketing
(iii) Inadequate farm input
(iv) Financial Problems
(v) Transport Problems
Farm Manager refers to the person or groups of persons who co-ordinate, organise and control the use of others factors of production.
In a Tabular Form State five (5) Differences
between Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture.
1.A Small Area of Land is
A large Area of Land is Cultivated
2.Production is mainly for Family
Produce is mainly for sale or
3.Yields or return are Low
Yields or return are high
4.Pest & Disease are not controlled
Pest & Disease are usually controlled
5.Farms records are rarely kept
Farms records are kept
(1) Inadequate Land or Land Tenure System.
Solution: Fertilizers and manure should be used to increase production of crop in the available land.
(2) Inadequate finance or credit facilities
Solution: Bank should reduce their high interest rate to encourage borrowing.
(3) Poor Transportation Network
Solution: Regular supply of Fuel.
(i) Provision of Farm Machinery by the Government for ease Cultivation
(ii) Distribution of Fertilizers and high breed farm input i.e Cocoa for
quick and easy growth and harvest.